Edward de Bono is a Maltese physician, psychologist, and author who is best known for his work on creative thinking. One of his most popular and influential ideas is the "Six Thinking Hats" method, also known as the "de Bono Thinking Hats" method.
The Six Thinking Hats is a technique for group discussion and individual thinking, where participants are encouraged to think about a problem or situation from six different perspectives, each represented by a different "hat" color. The six hats are:
1. White Hat - focuses on facts, data, and information.
2. Red Hat - represents emotions and feelings.
3. Black Hat - considers potential problems and negative aspects of the situation.
4. Yellow Hat - looks for the benefits and opportunities.
5. Green Hat - encourages creativity and innovative thinking.
6. Blue Hat - facilitates the thinking process and controls the discussion.
By using these different hats, de Bono believed that individuals and groups could approach problems and situations in a more structured and productive way. Each hat represents a different type of thinking, and by switching hats, participants can consciously change their approach to the problem at hand. This can help to prevent groupthink and promote more creative, comprehensive, and effective thinking.
Overall, the Six Thinking Hats is a powerful tool for decision-making, problem-solving, and brainstorming that has been used by individuals and organizations around the world to improve their thinking processes and outcomes.