1. Henri Fayol (1916) - "General and Industrial Management"
- Fayol is known for his work on management theory, where he introduced the five functions of management: planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, and controlling.
2. Frederick Taylor (1911) - "The Principles of Scientific Management"
- Taylor is considered the father of scientific management, focusing on improving efficiency and productivity through systematic study and measurement of work processes.
3. Mary Parker Follett (1924) - "Creative Experience"
- Follett emphasized the significance of collaboration and participative management, promoting a holistic approach to organizational behavior.
4. Elton Mayo (1933) - "The Human Problems of an Industrial Civilization"
- Mayo's Hawthorne Studies highlighted the importance of social factors in the workplace and the impact of human relations on productivity.
5. Chester Barnard (1938) - "The Functions of the Executive"
- Barnard focused on the acceptance of authority and the cooperative nature of organizations, emphasizing the importance of effective communication.
6. Kurt Lewin (1947) - "Frontiers in Group Dynamics"
- Lewin is known for his research on group dynamics and his three-step model of change: unfreezing, changing, and refreezing.
7. Herbert Simon (1947) - "Administrative Behavior"
- Simon contributed to the understanding of decision-making processes in organizations, emphasizing bounded rationality and the role of information.
8. B.F. Skinner (1953) - "Science and Human Behavior"
- Skinner's work focused on behaviorism and its application to understanding human behavior in organizational settings.
9. Abraham Maslow (1954) - "Motivation and Personality"
- Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory suggests that individuals are motivated by a hierarchy of needs, ranging from basic physiological needs to self-actualization.
10. Frederick Herzberg (1959) - "The Motivation to Work"
- Herzberg's two-factor theory distinguished between hygiene factors and motivators, highlighting the importance of intrinsic factors in job satisfaction.
11. Douglas McGregor (1960) - "The Human Side of Enterprise"
- McGregor introduced Theory X and Theory Y, contrasting two different assumptions about employee motivation and management styles.
12. Chris Argyris (1960) - "Understanding Organizational Behavior"
- Argyris focused on organizational learning and the impact of individual behavior on organizational effectiveness, promoting the concept of double-loop learning.
13. Peter Drucker (1946) - "The Concept of the Corporation"
- Drucker emphasized the importance of management practices and the role of managers in shaping organizational behavior and performance.
14. Charles Handy (1976) - "Understanding Organizations"
- Handy explored different types of organizational cultures and structures, highlighting the need for flexibility and adaptability in a changing business environment.
15. Jay R. Galbraith (1973) - "Designing Complex Organizations"
- Galbraith developed the concept of organizational design, highlighting the need for alignment between strategy, structure, processes, and people.
16. Edgar F. Huse (1975) - "Organization Development and Change"
- Huse contributed to the field of organization development, emphasizing the importance of planned interventions to facilitate organizational change.
17. Rosabeth Moss Kanter (1977) - "Men and Women of the Corporation"
- Kanter explored the challenges and opportunities faced by women in organizations, promoting gender equality and diversity in the workplace.
18. Geert Hofstede (1980) - "Culture's Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values"
- Hofstede conducted a pioneering study on the cultural dimensions of different countries, identifying and comparing various cultural values and their impact on work behavior. His research provides valuable insights into cross-cultural management and helps organizations understand and navigate cultural differences in a global context.
19. James March and Herbert Simon (1958) - "Organizations"
- March and Simon examined organizations as decision-making systems, emphasizing the role of bounded rationality and the complexities of organizational decision-making.
20. Robert Cialdini (1984) - "Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion"
- Cialdini explored the principles of persuasion and how they can be applied in organizational contexts, providing insights into influencing others effectively.
21. Michael Porter (1980) - "Competitive Strategy"
- Porter's work focused on analyzing competitive forces in industries and developing strategies to gain a competitive advantage.
22. Warren Bennis (1969) - "The Nature of Leadership"
- Bennis contributed to the study of leadership, emphasizing the importance of self-awareness, vision, and the ability to inspire others.
23. Karl Weick (1995) - "Sensemaking in Organizations"
- Weick's work centered on the concept of sensemaking, exploring how individuals and organizations make sense of complex and ambiguous situations.
24. Richard Hackman and Greg Oldham (1976) - "Motivation Through the Design of Work"
- Hackman and Oldham developed the job characteristics model, which highlights how job design can influence employee motivation, satisfaction, and performance.
25. Edgar H. Schein (1985) - "Organizational Culture and Leadership"
- Schein emphasized the role of organizational culture in shaping behavior and leadership, highlighting the importance of shared values and beliefs.
26. Michael Hammer and James Champy (1993) - "Reengineering the Corporation"
- Hammer and Champy advocated for reengineering, a radical redesign of business processes, to enhance organizational efficiency and effectiveness.
27. John Kotter (1996) - "Leading Change"
- Kotter outlined an eight-step model for leading successful organizational change, emphasizing the importance of vision, communication, and empowerment.
28. Jeffrey Pfeffer (1992) - "Managing with Power"
- Pfeffer explored the role of power and influence in organizational settings, highlighting how power dynamics can impact organizational behavior and outcomes.
29. Gary Yukl (1989) - "Leadership in Organizations"
- Yukl's work focused on leadership effectiveness and the various leadership styles and behaviors that contribute to organizational success.
30. Daniel Goleman (1998) - "Emotional Intelligence"
- Goleman popularized the concept of emotional intelligence and its importance in leadership and interpersonal interactions within organizations.
31. Peter Senge (1990) - "The Fifth Discipline"
- Senge introduced the concept of the learning organization, emphasizing the importance of systems thinking and continuous learning for organizational success.
32. Warren Bennis and Burt Nanus (1985) - "Leaders: Strategies for Taking Charge"
- Bennis and Nanus explored different leadership strategies and behaviors, focusing on the qualities and actions that make effective leaders.
33. John P. Kotter and James L. Heskett (1992) - "Corporate Culture and Performance"
- Kotter and Heskett examined the relationship between corporate culture and organizational performance, highlighting the impact of culture on long-term success.
34. Michael Beer and Nitin Nohria (2000) - "Breaking the Code of Change"
- Beer and Nohria examined the challenges of implementing successful organizational change, providing frameworks and strategies for managing change effectively.
35. Edward Lawler and Susan Mohrman (2003) - "Creating a Strategic Human Resources Organization"
- Lawler and Mohrman focused on the strategic role of human resources in organizations, advocating for aligning HR practices with business strategy.
36. John Kotter (1990) - "A Force for Change: How Leadership Differs from Management"
- Kotter differentiated between leadership and management, emphasizing the role of leadership in driving change and transformation within organizations.
37. David A. Nadler and Michael L. Tushman (1980) - "A Model for Diagnosing Organizational Behavior"
- Nadler and Tushman developed the Congruence Model, which helps diagnose and understand the various components and interactions within an organization.
38. Edgar H. Schein (2010) - "Organizational Culture and Leadership"
- Schein expanded on his earlier work on organizational culture, providing insights into how leaders can shape and manage culture to enhance organizational effectiveness.
39. Edgar Schein (1999) - "Process Consultation Revisited: Building the Helping Relationship"
- Schein introduced the concept of process consultation, emphasizing the importance of effective communication and collaboration in facilitating organizational change.
40. Karl E. Weick and Kathleen M. Sutcliffe (2007) - "Managing the Unexpected: Resilient Performance in an Age of Uncertainty"
- Weick and Sutcliffe explored the concept of high-reliability organizations, focusing on how organizations can effectively manage unexpected events and maintain resilience.
41. Amy C. Edmondson (1999) - "Psychological Safety and Learning Behavior in Work Teams"
- Edmondson highlighted the significance of psychological safety in teams, creating an environment where individuals feel comfortable taking risks, speaking up, and learning from failures.
42. Richard M. Ryan and Edward L. Deci (2000) - "Self-Determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development, and Well-Being"
- Ryan and Deci proposed self-determination theory, which emphasizes intrinsic motivation and the satisfaction of basic psychological needs as key drivers of human behavior in organizations.
43. Jeffrey Pfeffer and Robert I. Sutton (2006) - "Hard Facts, Dangerous Half-Truths, and Total Nonsense: Profiting from Evidence-Based Management"
- Pfeffer and Sutton argued for evidence-based management, encouraging leaders to base their decisions and practices on sound empirical research rather than popular myths or assumptions.
44. Adam Grant (2013) - "Give and Take: A Revolutionary Approach to Success"
- Grant explored the concept of reciprocity in the workplace, highlighting the benefits of being a "giver" and fostering a culture of generosity and collaboration.
45. Angela Duckworth (2016) - "Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance"
- Duckworth introduced the concept of grit, emphasizing the importance of perseverance, passion, and resilience in achieving long-term success and performance.
46. Daniel Pink (2009) - "Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us"
- Pink challenged traditional notions of motivation and introduced the concept of autonomy, mastery, and purpose as key drivers of intrinsic motivation in the workplace.
47. Carol S. Dweck (2006) - "Mindset: The New Psychology of Success"
- Dweck popularized the concept of growth mindset, emphasizing the belief that abilities and intelligence can be developed through dedication, effort, and a willingness to learn.
48. Francesca Gino (2018) - "Rebel Talent: Why It Pays to Break the Rules at Work and in Life"
- Gino explored the benefits of embracing "rebel talent" in organizations, encouraging individuals to challenge the status quo, think creatively, and drive innovation.
49. Susan Cain (2012) - "Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking"
- Cain explores the value and contributions of introverts in a society that often values extroverted traits. She discusses the unique strengths and abilities of introverts and provides insights on creating environments that embrace and support introverted individuals in the workplace.
50. Amy Edmondson (2019) - "The Fearless Organization: Creating Psychological Safety in the Workplace for Learning, Innovation, and Growth"
- Edmondson expands on her previous work on psychological safety, providing practical guidance for leaders and organizations to create an environment where individuals feel safe to take risks, share ideas, and learn from failures.
51. Laszlo Bock (2015) - "Work Rules!: Insights from Inside Google That Will Transform How You Live and Lead"
- Bock shares insights from his experience as the former Senior Vice President of People Operations at Google, providing innovative approaches to hiring, motivating, and managing employees in organizations.
These theorists have made significant contributions to the field of organizational behavior and have helped shape our understanding of human behavior, motivation, leadership, culture, and organizational effectiveness.